OECD Business and Finance Policy Papers

These papers provide insights from OECD work on a broad range of themes relating to the domestic policies and global rules that help shape markets and business conduct. They contribute to helping government, business and society design and implement strategic, evidence-based and innovative solutions to diverse challenges and commitments.


Conflict transformation and the role of responsible artisanal and small-scale mining

Supporting peace through supply chain due diligence

The informal extractive sector is a major source of employment in most countries affected by conflict but has up until now been largely left aside when identifying reinsertion opportunities for ex-combatants. This paper identifies synergies between disarmament, demobilisation, and reintegration (DDR) programmes implemented in conflict-affected and high-risk areas and existing supply chain due diligence initiatives fostering the integration of artisanal and small-scale miners (ASM) in global supply chains in these areas. The report highlights the role that OECD-led initiatives to support ASM formalisation in conflict zones can play to support DDR programmes.


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