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Brick by Brick (Volume 2)

Better Housing Policies in the Post-COVID-19 Era

image of Brick by Brick (Volume 2)

Expanding on the findings of Brick by Brick: Better Housing Policies, this second volume delves into key trends shaping housing policies in the post-COVID-19 era. The first chapter provides an overview and discusses the need to monitor the pandemic's impacts on housing affordability, address the energy crisis through low-carbon housing initiatives, maintain financial resilience amid fluctuating housing cycles, and facilitate the reshaping of housing markets in response to remote work and environmental concerns. The second chapter focuses on the decarbonisation of the housing sector. It recommends a mix of carbon pricing, energy-efficiency certification and regulation, and subsidies to meet net-zero targets while accounting for housing market specificities. The chapter also calls for deploying complementary policies to limit adverse impacts on low-income households. The third chapter examines housing finance, focusing on the tension between supporting mortgage borrowing and promoting financial resilience. It also discusses the rise of non-bank real estate finance and the potential for mortgage finance to support housing decarbonisation. The fourth chapter explores how the new work-life balance, enabled by the rise of remote work, is reshaping housing demand and proposes a set of tailored urban policies to address this shift. Overall, the report provides a comprehensive blueprint for housing policies in the post-pandemic world.

English Also available in: French

Gearing housing finance towards efficiency, resilience and decarbonisation

Financial markets and intermediaries are central to attaining public policy objectives in housing. This chapter documents the extent to which housing finance arrangements vary across OECD countries, with different implications, especially in terms of risk sharing between borrowers and lenders. It takes stock of trends in housing finance, especially the ascent of non-bank lenders. The chapter discusses policy options to create favourable conditions for housing finance markets that provide adequate funding, underpin efficient housing markets and contribute to the decarbonisation of homes.

English Also available in: French

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