Water Resources Allocation

Sharing Risks and Opportunities

image of Water Resources Allocation

Water resources allocation determines who is able to use water resources, how, when and where. It directly affects the value (economic, ecological, socio-cultural) that individuals and society obtain from water resources. This report overviews how allocation works in a range of countries and how the performance of allocation arrangements can be improved to adjust to changing conditions.

Capturing information from 27 OECD countries and key partner economies, the report presents key findings from the OECD Survey of Water Resources Allocation and case studies of successful allocation reform. It provides practical policy guidance for water allocation in the form of a "health check", which can be used to assess the performance of current arrangements and manage the transition to improved regimes.



Reforming water allocation regimes

This chapter examines common themes related to reform, drawing on case studies documenting the experience of water allocation reform in 10 OECD and BRIICS countries. Although water allocation reform is inherently a political process unique to its time and place, valuable insights can be drawn from the experience of other countries. These can be instructive for those contemplating allocation reform or actively pursuing it. This chapter examines the drivers of reform, the process of identifying and selecting reform options, stakeholder engagement, and other key aspects of the reform process, drawing out insights and lessons learned.


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