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Water Governance in Peru

image of Water Governance in Peru

While COVID 19 has hit Peru particularly hard, with about 1.4 million cases as of March 2021, the pandemic further emphasised the importance of water and sanitation for health, the environment and the economy. The country is not yet on track to meet the targets of SDG 6 “Clean water and sanitation” by 2030, with 3 million Peruvians (9.2% of the population) lacking access to water services and 8.2 million Peruvians (25.2%) lacking access to sewerage services, and a large urban rural divide. In addition, between 2000 and 2020, floods affected an estimated 4.43 million people, while inadequate management of solid waste and some economic activities are amongst the causes of water pollution, leading to severe public health issues, and social conflicts. In the face of climate change and demographic growth, strengthening water governance in Peru is key for long term water security improvements. The report provides an analysis of water governance in the country and policy recommendations to: strengthen the multi sectoral approach to water; improve the use of economic instruments to protect and sustainably use water resources, its sources and related ecosystem services; and strengthen regulatory conditions to improved access to safe drinking water and sanitation in urban and rural areas.

English Also available in: Spanish

Economic instruments for water risk management

This chapter discusses the state of the art and ways forward for setting and using economic instruments for water resources management, with a focus on payments for ecosystem services and environmental charges. It examines how public financial support could be considered for the rehabilitation of Peruvian rivers. Finally, the chapter underlines the need for coherence between economic instruments for water resources management and sectoral policies.

English Also available in: Spanish

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