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The Political Economy of Biodiversity Policy Reform

image of The Political Economy of Biodiversity Policy Reform

This report provides insights on the political economy of biodiversity related policy reforms. It draws on existing literature and four new case studies covering the French tax on pesticides, agricultural subsidy reform in Switzerland, EU payments to Mauritania and Guinea-Bissau to finance marine protected areas via conservation trust funds, and individually transferable quotas for fisheries in Iceland. Each case study focusses on the drivers of reform, the types of obstacles encountered, key features of the policy reform, and the lessons learned from the reform experience.

English

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The political economy of environmental and biodiversity relevant policy reform: Key obstacles and examples

This chapter summarises the salient political economy issues that arise in environmental policy reform generally and provides examples of how they may create barriers to biodiversity related policy reforms. It draws on a literature review to identify common obstacles to reform. These include: potential competitiveness impacts, concerns about the distribution of costs and benefits, the influence of vested interests and rent seeking behaviour, as well as the political and social acceptability of reforms.

English

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