The Nordic Aichi restoration project

How can the Nordic countries implement the CBD-target on restoration of 15% of degraded ecosystems within 2020?

image of The Nordic Aichi restoration project

The Convention of Biological Diversity commits the parties to halt the loss of biodiversity within 2020. For accomplishing this task, the Aichi targets have been established. Aichi target 15 aims at restoring 15% of damaged ecosystems by 2020. The Nordic countries are parties to CBD, and committed to the Aichi targets. This project will establish a basis that may be used by the management and political authorities in the Nordic countries for achieving Aichi target 15 on restoration of degraded ecosystems. The report explores the possibilities, limitations and challenges on how ecological restoration can contribute to the Aichi target, based on available knowledge and existing statistics on degraded land and restoration experiences in the Nordic countries and Estonia. This is intended as a contribution for future work at the national level and in local communities.



The EU 4-level model for ecosystem restoration

The EU Biodiversity strategy to 2020 has adopted a number of the Aichi Targets. To support the implementation of the Biodiversity strategy a number of working groups were established. One of these was the “Green Infrastructure and Restoration Prioritization Framework Working Group”. As a part of its work the group suggested a conceptual 4-level model of ecosystem restoration (Lammerant et al. 2014). This approach and the model have given useful input for our Nordic work, and our project offers an opportunity to go further, to explore how this model can apply in real situations and what the challenges are. During the project we have had a close contact with the EU working group and its secretary, and some of our project members participated in the EU working group. Below we give a short description of the model, based on the report from the working group (Lammerant et al. 2014). Then we list and discuss some principles and challenges addressed by the authors and discussed at the project workshop in March 2014 and at the SER 2014-conference in Oulu in August 2014.


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