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The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

image of The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants. Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts on human health and the environment. The market impacts of outdoor air pollution are projected to lead to significant economic costs, which are illustrated at the regional and sectoral levels, and to substantial annual global welfare costs.

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Projections of economic growth and impacts of outdoor air pollution

This chapter outlines the main socioeconomic trends that are projected to emerge in absence of environmental policies other than those that are already in place. It presents the projections of the air pollutant emissions as linked to the economic projections of the ENV-Linkages model. The chapter also presents results on the concentrations of key pollutants that are the drivers of impacts on health and crop yields. Finally, it presents results on the biophysical impacts related to premature deaths, increasing cases of illnesses, and changes in crop yields.

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