The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

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This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants. Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts on human health and the environment. The market impacts of outdoor air pollution are projected to lead to significant economic costs, which are illustrated at the regional and sectoral levels, and to substantial annual global welfare costs.

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Preface and acknowlegements

Air pollution is the cause of alarming numbers of premature deaths, as well as serious impacts on human health and the environment. This report sheds new light on the economic consequences of significant increases in outdoor air pollution that will occur if policies are not strengthened. Unless we clean up the air, by the middle of the century one person will die prematurely every 5 seconds from outdoor air pollution. The associated costs to society are rising rapidly. Urgent action is needed to prevent these projections from becoming a grim reality.

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