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The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

image of The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants. Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts on human health and the environment. The market impacts of outdoor air pollution are projected to lead to significant economic costs, which are illustrated at the regional and sectoral levels, and to substantial annual global welfare costs.

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Executive summary

Air pollution is one of the most serious environmental risks, particularly in big cities and highly populated areas. Previous work by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and others has demonstrated the alarming consequences of outdoor and indoor air pollution for human health, especially a large number of pollution-induced premature deaths. Projections of the global economic consequences of future air pollution have however been entirely lacking.

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