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The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

image of The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution

This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants. Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts on human health and the environment. The market impacts of outdoor air pollution are projected to lead to significant economic costs, which are illustrated at the regional and sectoral levels, and to substantial annual global welfare costs.

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Description of the TM5-FASST model

TM5-FASST is a global air quality source-receptor model (AQ-SRM), developed by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre in order to address the need for swift and easy evaluation of global and regional air pollution emission scenarios and their impacts on human health and ecosystems. In general, AQ-SRMs link emissions of pollutants in a given source region with downwind impacts, using knowledge of meteorology and atmospheric chemical and physical processes which transform the emitted pollutant precursors. The source region is any point or area from which emissions are considered; the receptor is any point or area at which the pollutant concentration and impact is to be evaluated. An AQ-SRM will then include a functional relation between each emitted precursor and each end product for each source region and each receptor region.

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