The Cost of Air Pollution

Health Impacts of Road Transport

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Outdoor air pollution kills more than 3 million people across the world every year, and causes health problems from asthma to heart disease for many more. This is costing societies very large amounts in terms of the value of lives lost and ill health. Based on extensive new epidemiological evidence since the 2010 Global Burden of Disease study, and OECD estimates of the Value of Statistical Life, this report provides evidence on the health impacts from air pollution and the related economic costs.

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Reviewing the evidence on and calculating the cost of the health impacts of air pollution

This chapter reviews the extensive new epidemiological evidence that has become available since the WHO’s 2010 Global Burden of Disease study. It tabulates health impacts from ambient particulate matter and ambient ozone pollution – including deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), and disability adjusted life years lost (DALYs) – for all OECD countries plus China and India. This chapter also provides a new calculation of the economic cost of deaths from ambient air pollution for all OECD countries plus China and India, along with an additional indicative estimate for the cost of morbidities.

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