Sustainable Development in OECD Countries

Getting the Policies Right

image of Sustainable Development in OECD Countries

This publication summarises the lessons learned from the 30 country reviews of sustainable development that have been published since 2002 as part of OECD Economic Surveys. It also examines the concrete action that countries have taken to promote sustainable development while concentrating on the results that have been achieved and the efficiency of achieving the results. The publication focuses on major policy areas including the improvement of environmental policies, raising living standards in developing countries, and ensuring sustainable retirement income policies. Numerous tables provide detailed data and sustainable development indicators that have been used to gauge performance and assess costs.

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Reducing Air Pollution

Air pollution inflicts considerable damage to human health and ecosystems. The data presented in the chapter show that great strides have been made in recent decades to cut emissions. However, further efforts remain warranted, as is apparent from the estimates of pollution costs reported in the chapter. The chapter then examines the various policy instruments the fifteen reviewed countries have used to reduce emissions, discussing their efficiency. It also presents recommendations on how to minimise the trade-off between the costs and benefits of cutting air pollutant emissions.


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