Sustainable Development in OECD Countries

Getting the Policies Right

image of Sustainable Development in OECD Countries

This publication summarises the lessons learned from the 30 country reviews of sustainable development that have been published since 2002 as part of OECD Economic Surveys. It also examines the concrete action that countries have taken to promote sustainable development while concentrating on the results that have been achieved and the efficiency of achieving the results. The publication focuses on major policy areas including the improvement of environmental policies, raising living standards in developing countries, and ensuring sustainable retirement income policies. Numerous tables provide detailed data and sustainable development indicators that have been used to gauge performance and assess costs.

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Achieving Environmental Objectives in a Cost-efficient Way

In the wake of the Earth Summit of 1992, OECD countries renewed their efforts to preserve the environment, adopting ambitious objectives and introducing new policy instruments. This chapter reviews performance and objectives in five key environmental areas: climate change, air pollution, water pollution, waste management and natural resource management, and provides data on the costs of environmental policies. On the basis of thirty country reviews, the chapter then examines the extent to which the various instruments used for environment protection (such as voluntary agreements, regulation, environmental taxes and...


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