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Sustainable Business Models for Water Supply and Sanitation in Small Towns and Rural Settlements in Kazakhstan

image of Sustainable Business Models for Water Supply and Sanitation in Small Towns and Rural Settlements in Kazakhstan

This report assesses the Republic of Kazakhstan’s significant efforts to improve water supply and sanitation (WSS) services over the past 15 years, notably in terms of ambitious target-setting, implementation of a sound water tariff policy, and significant investment in the rehabilitation and development of relevant infrastructure. Generally speaking, the absence of updated data on WSS institutional development is a limiting factor for further policy and programme development in the field, including in Kazakhstan. The monitoring and evaluation system proposed in this report aims to help assess progress in the WSS sector and serve as a basis for any necessary corrective measures.

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Results of the Reality Check

The Reality Check constituted an important phase of this study. The objective was to check the feasibility of recommended WSS business models in the context of Kazakhstan, by discussing them with key local WSS stakeholders. The Reality Check consisted of two parts...

English

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