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Strengthening Shardara Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure in Kazakhstan

image of Strengthening Shardara Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure in Kazakhstan

More than 8 000 large multi-purpose water infrastructures (MPWIs) around the world contribute to economic development, as well as water, food and energy security, encompassing all human-made water systems including dams, dykes, reservoirs and associated irrigation canals and water supply networks. Focused on the specific case of the Shardara MPWI located in Low Syr-Darya Basin, South Kazakhstan and Kyzyl-Orda oblasts (provinces) of Kazakhstan, this report looks at the choice and design of MPWI investment strategies that ensure a high economic return on investments and potential bankability, based on application of a computer model and lessons learned from 15 international MPWI case studies.

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Conclusions and lessons learned

This chapter presents four main conclusions from the case studies. It describes how benefits from reservoirs typically transcend expectations for the dams, and how initial funds from construction come from the state or bilateral loans. It also looks at the nature of the business model, as well as positive and negative externalities. The chapter ends with challenges associated with dams and reservoirs, particularly for developing countries.

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