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Strengthening Shardara Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure in Kazakhstan

image of Strengthening Shardara Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure in Kazakhstan

More than 8 000 large multi-purpose water infrastructures (MPWIs) around the world contribute to economic development, as well as water, food and energy security, encompassing all human-made water systems including dams, dykes, reservoirs and associated irrigation canals and water supply networks. Focused on the specific case of the Shardara MPWI located in Low Syr-Darya Basin, South Kazakhstan and Kyzyl-Orda oblasts (provinces) of Kazakhstan, this report looks at the choice and design of MPWI investment strategies that ensure a high economic return on investments and potential bankability, based on application of a computer model and lessons learned from 15 international MPWI case studies.

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Actions, scenarios and storylines

This chapter lists actions to increase the contribution of the Shardara multi-purpose water infrastructure (MPWI) to the national and regional economy, as well as to greater levels of water, food and energy security in Kazakhstan. Priority actions focus on demand (drip irrigation), supply (conveyance and drainage) and risk management (Koksaray and Shardara bypass). Furthermore, it identifies eight actions left out of the quantitative analysis. It presents 15 scenarios (five actions multiplied by three types of rainfall years), comparing them to three baseline scenarios without investments. The chapter ends with six storylines (two different types for each of the three different rainfall years). The project focused on South Kazakhstan region when developing and finalising the list of actions, but considers impacts on Kyzylorda region as well.

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