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Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms in the Environment, Volume 8

OECD Consensus Document of the Biology of Mosquito Aedes aegypti

image of Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms in the Environment, Volume 8

Volume 8 of the Series contains the first biosafety ‘consensus document’ to deal with the biology of an insect, the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Issued by the OECD Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology, the science-based consensus documents collate information for use during the regulatory risk assessment of biotechnology products, i.e. transgenic organisms (plants, animals, micro-organisms) when intended for release in the environment. Ae. aegypti mosquito is vectoring yellow fever, dengue, Zika and Chikungunya diseases in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. Biotechnological applications are developed to control the mosquito population and reduce virus transmission. The book provides information on Ae. aegypti taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, reproductive biology, genetics, ecology, interactions with other species and the environment. The mosquito effects on human and animal health, and the control strategies/specific programmes to limit its development are also summarised.

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Control of the mosquito Ae. aegypti

This annex describes the current strategies put in place to limit or eradicate mosquitoes that transmit disease pathogens: chemical control using larvicides and insecticides, biological control based on introduction of other organisms, use of Wolbachia bacteria in methods for controlling virus transmission through reduction or replacement of the mosquito Aedes aegypti population. Research is also conducted on genetic control of Ae. aegypti. Then information is given on relevant environmental management aiming to limit its propagation, including integrated control management and the prevention of insecticide resistance.

English

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