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Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms in the Environment, Volume 6

OECD Consensus Documents

image of Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms in the Environment, Volume 6

This series represents a compilation of the biosafety consensus documents developed by the OECD Working Group on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology over the periods 2011-12 (Volume 5) and 2013-15 (Volume 6). Volumes 5 and 6 describe the biology, centres of origin, genetics, hybridisation, production and use, and ecology elements of several crops (sugarcane, cassava, sorghum, common bean, cucurbits) and trees (eucalyptus species). They also provide considerations on pathogenicity factors in assessing the potential adverse health effects of bacteria, and the low level presence of transgenic plants in seed and grain commodities.

The consensus documents contain information for use during the regulatory assessment of products of modern biotechnology, i.e. transgenic organisms (plants, animals, micro-organisms), when intended for release in the environment. As such, it should be of value to applicants for use of genetically-engineered organisms in agriculture mainly, to regulators and risk assessors in national authorities for their biosafety assessments, as well as the wider scientific community. More information on this OECD programme is found at BioTrack online (www.oecd.org/biotrack).

 

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Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.)

This chapter deals with the biology of eucalyptus tree (Eucalyptus spp.). It contains information for use during the risk/safety regulatory assessment of genetically engineered varieties intended to be grown in the environment (biosafety). It is focused on those Eucalyptus species and hybrids which are planted commercially and expected to be the subjects of possible genetic modification. The chapter provides elements of taxonomy; centre of origin; domestication and cultivation practices; crop improvement; morphological characters; reproductive biology including sexual/asexual reproduction; pollination and seed dispersal; genetics; abiotic interactions with nutrients, metals, temperature, water, salinity and other stresses; pests and pathogens; weediness; natural and manipulated hybridization; and health considerations.

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