Safety Assessment of Foods and Feeds Derived from Transgenic Crops, Volume 3

Common bean, Rice, Cowpea and Apple Compositional Considerations

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This volume compiles the consensus documents developed by the OECD Working Group for the Safety of Novel Foods and Feeds from 2015 to 2019. It deals with the composition of common bean, rice, cowpea and apple, four important crops for agriculture and food consumption worldwide. The science-based information collated here is intended for use during the regulatory assessment of food/feed products derived from modern biotechnology, i.e. issued from transgenic plants. Compositional considerations are provided for each species, including tables detailing the key nutrients, anti-nutrients, possible toxicants, allergens and other metabolites contained in the products. This essential information and solid data can be used in the comparative approach as part of the novel food/feed safety assessment. It should be of value to crop breeders and applicants for commercial uses of novel foods and feeds, to regulators and risk assessors in national authorities, as well as the wider scientific community. More information can be found at BioTrack Online.


Rice (Oryza sativa)

This chapter deals with the composition of rice (Oryza sativa). It contains elements that can be used in a comparative approach as part of a safety assessment of foods and feeds derived from new varieties. Background is given on rice industry terminology, cultivated species, production and consumption worldwide, processing from paddy rice to brown, milled or parboiled rice products for human consumption, and feed use of by-products. Appropriate varietal comparators and characteristics screened by rice breeders are presented. Nutrients in paddy rice, brown rice, milling fractions, whole plant and straw, as well as main anti-nutrients, toxicants and putative allergens are then detailed. The final sections suggest key constituents for analysis in rice matrices of new varieties, for food use and for feed use.


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