Restrictions on export of used EEE

A study on the legal possibilities to restrict exports of used electric and electronic equipment

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The purpose of the report is to clarify the legal possibilities of restricting export of certain types of used EEE due to e.g. content of hazardous substances, energy consumption and/or limited market value. The focus is current environmental regulation and trade regulation which have been evaluated in order to identify if they can serve as the legal basis for setting restrictions on export. The analysis concentrates on the legal framework of trade within the rules of the internal market in the EU and the legal concept of the WTO that regulates trade between countries worldwide. The report concludes that waste regulation has very limited possibilities in regards to restricting export of used EEE. In regards to trade restrictions, it cannot be ruled out that such restrictions can be adopted in accordance with the rules of the internal market in the EU and the legal concept of WTO.



Stockholm convention and EU regulation on persistent organic pollutants

As seen in the previous chapter about the Montreal Protocol, one way to restrict the free movement of used EEE is to focus on the regulation of hazardous substances. While the Montreal Protocol focuses on the CFCs posing a risk to the ozone layer, the focus of the Stockholm Convention is on pollutants that persist in the environment, bio-accumulate through the foodchain, and pose a risk to human health and the environment.


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