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Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova

Summary Report of Project Implementation 2016-2019

image of Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova

This report presents the objectives, methodology, procedures and main findings of the OECD project "Strengthening public finance capacity for green investments in the EECCA countries". Between 2016-19, the project aimed to help set the partner countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova) on a sustainable path of development by reducing the energy and carbon intensity of their economies. Working with the relevant ministry in each country, the project designed public investment programmes in line with good international practices. These programmes sought to address key objectives of the countries' environmental and climate-related policies. The Clean Public Transport Programmes focus specifically on reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the target sector, primarily in large urban areas. They aim to demonstrate how to use scarce public funds to encourage private sector investment in projects that generate significant environmental and socio-economic benefits alike.

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Summary of the main findings and observations from the country-level analyses and training workshops

This chapter describes the main results of the preparation process for green public investment programmes in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova. It starts with a brief transport sector and air pollution assessment for each of the three focus countries. It then presents the main outcomes of the respective programme analysis, including costs and associated environmental benefits. The design also proposes a three-level structure for managing each country programme: 1) a programming entity; 2) an implementation unit; and 3) a technical support unit. Finally, it illustrates some key obstacles observed during implementation of the respective country projects.

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