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Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova

Summary Report of Project Implementation 2016-2019

image of Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova

This report presents the objectives, methodology, procedures and main findings of the OECD project "Strengthening public finance capacity for green investments in the EECCA countries". Between 2016-19, the project aimed to help set the partner countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova) on a sustainable path of development by reducing the energy and carbon intensity of their economies. Working with the relevant ministry in each country, the project designed public investment programmes in line with good international practices. These programmes sought to address key objectives of the countries' environmental and climate-related policies. The Clean Public Transport Programmes focus specifically on reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the target sector, primarily in large urban areas. They aim to demonstrate how to use scarce public funds to encourage private sector investment in projects that generate significant environmental and socio-economic benefits alike.

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Description of green public investment programmes and their costing methodologies

This chapter outlines the main elements and approaches to designing and implementing public investment programmes with priority environment and climate-related targets. The design phase presents an overall structure and operating instructions of an OECD support tool called the Optimising Public Transport Investment Costs (OPTIC) model. For implementation, it presents possible strategies and ways to set optimal co-financing levels from the public purse. The chapter concludes with examples of good practices from the EU countries in achieving cost-effective and transparent public environmental spending targeted at domestic transport sectors.

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