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Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova

Summary Report of Project Implementation 2016-2019

image of Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova

This report presents the objectives, methodology, procedures and main findings of the OECD project "Strengthening public finance capacity for green investments in the EECCA countries". Between 2016-19, the project aimed to help set the partner countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Moldova) on a sustainable path of development by reducing the energy and carbon intensity of their economies. Working with the relevant ministry in each country, the project designed public investment programmes in line with good international practices. These programmes sought to address key objectives of the countries' environmental and climate-related policies. The Clean Public Transport Programmes focus specifically on reducing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions from the target sector, primarily in large urban areas. They aim to demonstrate how to use scarce public funds to encourage private sector investment in projects that generate significant environmental and socio-economic benefits alike.

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Key conclusions and policy recommendations

This chapter summarises the main opportunities and challenges associated with the launch and successful implementation of green investment programmes. In particular, it highlights the role of the international community and national public sectors in providing the necessary financial incentives and system support. Management of investment programmes, for example, could trigger private sector interest and participation in projects with added social value. In addition, the public sector has a crucial task in eliminating policy barriers and shortcomings in the countries’ regulatory, institutional and organisational frameworks. This is needed to achieve public transport that is energy-efficient, and environment- and user-friendly. The chapter and the report conclude with possible ways to address these barriers.

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