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Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Moldova

image of Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Moldova

This report discusses the main results of a project on how an influx of funds could spur development of cleaner public transport, and reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in large urban centres in Moldova, by providing an analysis for designing a green public investment programme in this sector. This sector represents an opportunity for Moldova to address key objectives in its environmental and climate-related policies as part of the country’s ambitions to transition to a green economic path of development. The investment programme is also designed to support the modernisation of the urban transport fleet in the country and stimulate the domestic market to shift to modern buses powered by clean fuels. The programme is foreseen to be implemented in two phases: the first covers the cities of Chisinau and Balti and the second extends to areas outside of the initial pilot city centres (pilot city suburbs as well as inter-city transport). These investments are expected to result in significant environmental, public service and socio-economic benefits.

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Main elements of the Clean Public Transport Programme

This chapter introduces the proposed Clean Public Transport Programme. The programme is designed to be implemented in two phases: Phase 1, a pilot phase that includes urban transport in two selected cities (Chisinau and Balti); and Phase 2, an extension of the programme to cover suburban areas of the pilot cities and inter-city public transport in Moldova. The chapter summarises the programme’s expected environmental and socio-economic benefits, the costs involved, as well as a possible financing strategy and optimal co-financing levels.

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