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People and Biodiversity Policies

Impacts, Issues and Strategies for Policy Action

image of People and Biodiversity Policies

The implementation of biodiversity policies will often benefit different groups to a greater or lesser degree. For example, in establishing a property right to facilitate management of a biodiversity-related resource, people who previously had unrestricted use will be adversely affected. Combining analysis and a wealth of case studies, this book offers concepts and tools for addressing distributive issues in biodiversity policy. It will help policy makers put together strategies for anticipating distributive impacts across different groups; and for selecting processes and instruments that manage distributive impacts without compromising conservation and use objectives.

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Institutional Approaches: Property Rights, Compensation and Benefit-sharing

Biodiversity policies commonly involve changes in how land is used. For previous users, this means additional costs, lower benefits or a foregone profit. Institutional changes are a way of responding to these changes in the welfare position of those affected by the policy. They do so by granting them a degree of control in the form of a property right, use right, or entitlement or by offering them participation in newly created institutions such as contract schemes or new markets.

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