People and Biodiversity Policies

Impacts, Issues and Strategies for Policy Action

image of People and Biodiversity Policies

The implementation of biodiversity policies will often benefit different groups to a greater or lesser degree. For example, in establishing a property right to facilitate management of a biodiversity-related resource, people who previously had unrestricted use will be adversely affected. Combining analysis and a wealth of case studies, this book offers concepts and tools for addressing distributive issues in biodiversity policy. It will help policy makers put together strategies for anticipating distributive impacts across different groups; and for selecting processes and instruments that manage distributive impacts without compromising conservation and use objectives.

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Combining Institutional and Procedural Approaches: Community Involvement in Management Decisions

We now turn to the most profound method for handling distributive issues: the active involvement of indigenous and local communities in the management of biodiversity. This approach combines the procedural elements of communication and participation with the institutional elements of creating rights and ownership in the implementation of the policy. Such an approach dilutes the power and influence of the policy-maker to a significant extent: participation in or even devolution of ongoing management decisions to stakeholders mean that the policy-maker sacrifices control over policy implementation. This can even result in fundamental changes to the policy itself.

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