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OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

image of OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

This new web format for Country Notes on Fossil Fuel Support provides interactive on-line access to the latest data from the OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels by country – identifying and estimating the value of support arising from policies that encourage the production or consumption of fossil fuels. The web version allows users to download, share and play with the data. Interactive graphics enable data visualisation, in national currency, by beneficiary and by energy product. These Country Notes provide, for each of the 50 economies covered in the Inventory, a snapshot of energy market structure, the current state of energy prices and taxes, and recent developments and trends in fossil fuel support. Data and country notes for the EU Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries have been collected and prepared as part of the GREEN Action Task Force.

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Costa Rica

During the last two decades, as well as for the next 30 years, the Costa Rican administration have banned the exploration and exploitation of crude oil inside the country. Co-ordinated by various state institutions, oil and liquified petroleum gases (LPG) are imported primarily for supplying the demands of the transport sector, and secondarily for manufacturing sectors. Among imports in 2021, diesel represented (by volume) around 37.1%, followed by the various gasoline grades (around 20% each kind of them) and LPG (11.2%), coming chiefly from the US, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua and Belgium. Nevertheless, Costa Rica’s total energy supply mix for 2021 accounted 49% from oil, 13% from hydroelectric sources and around 38% for geothermal, wind and biofuels and wastes combined. This high share of renewables is mirrored within the electricity generation mix, in which 69.4% comes from hydroelectric generation, about 30.4% from geothermal, wind, solar and biofuels and a very marginal share generated from fossil fuels.

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