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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2019

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2019

Turkey is the fastest growing OECD economy with rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Since 2008, its economic growth has been relatively decoupled from air emissions, energy use, waste generation and water consumption. However, the high resource intensity of Turkey’s economy and its heavy reliance on fossil fuels will continue to increase these environmental pressures in absolute terms. More progress is needed in the transition to a low-carbon, circular economy to improve the country’s environmental performance.

This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Turkey. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on climate change and urban wastewater management.

English French, Turkish

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Preface

This third Environmental Performance Review of Turkey shows that the country’s strong economic growth has been relatively decoupled from air emissions, energy use, waste generation and water consumption. However, it still faces many environmental challenges. Turkey’s fast-growing energy demand continues to depend heavily on fossil fuels, particularly coal. Turkey’s greenhouse gas emissions increased the most of all OECD member countries over the past decade. Power sector and transport emissions of fine particulate matter create a serious health concern. Currently, over 90% of municipal waste is landfilled.

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