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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain 2015

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain 2015

The OECD Environmental Performance Review Programme provides independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy relevant recommendations. This report is the third OECD review of Spain’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on biodiversity and the environmental performance of the private sector.

Reviews are conducted to promote peer learning, enhance governments’ accountability to each other and to the public, and improve countries’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Iceland (2014), Sweden (2014), Colombia (2014).

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The conservation and sustainable use of the marine and terrestrial environment

This chapter reviews Spain’s efforts to significantly strengthen its policy framework for the protection and sustainable use of biodiversity. Following a description of the status, trends and pressures on Spain’s biodiversity, this chapter reviews the country’s progress in establishing key legislation to promote biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. It also discusses the expansion of Spain’s terrestrial and marine protected areas, the management tools in place, as well as the main trends in financing biodiversity. Finally, the chapter examines the integration of biodiversity considerations into other sectors, such as agriculture and tourism.

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