OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain 2015

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain 2015

The OECD Environmental Performance Review Programme provides independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy relevant recommendations. This report is the third OECD review of Spain’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on biodiversity and the environmental performance of the private sector.

Reviews are conducted to promote peer learning, enhance governments’ accountability to each other and to the public, and improve countries’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Iceland (2014), Sweden (2014), Colombia (2014).

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Policy-making environment

Over the last decade, Spain has continued to strengthen its environmental policy framework and improve co-ordination in a highly decentralised context. This chapter examines Spain’s environmental governance and policy framework for environmental management. It reviews the main strategies and initiatives that were launched during the past decade in the areas of sustainable development and environmental management. It also discusses the mechanisms in place to improve horizontal and vertical co-ordination, as well as the instruments used to ensure compliance with environmental requirements. Progress in promoting environmental democracy through open access to information and improved public participation in decision making is also discussed.

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