OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013

This report is the first OECD review of South Africa’s environmental performance. It has been carried out as part of the OECD dialogue with South Africa as Key Partner. The report evaluates South Africa's progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on policies that provide incentives to protect South Africa's exceptionally rich biodiversity and promote more effective and efficient environmental management across different levels of public administration.

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Towards green growth

This chapter presents efforts to mainstream environment into South Africa’s economic policy and promote greening of the economy. It examines the use of tax policy to pursue environmental objectives and progress in removing fiscal incentives that can encourage environmentally harmful activities. Opportunities for “green” tax reform are also assessed. The chapter includes a discussion of public and private investment in environmental protection and resource use, as well as environment-related infrastructure. Investment in “clean energy” and sustainable transport modes are also discussed. In addition, the chapter examines promotion of environmental technologies and eco-innovation as a source of economic growth and jobs.

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