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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013

This report is the first OECD review of South Africa’s environmental performance. It has been carried out as part of the OECD dialogue with South Africa as Key Partner. The report evaluates South Africa's progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on policies that provide incentives to protect South Africa's exceptionally rich biodiversity and promote more effective and efficient environmental management across different levels of public administration.

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Policy-making environment

This chapter reviews the main strategies and initiatives launched during the period 1994-2013 in the areas of sustainable development and environmental management. It examines South Africa’s regulatory framework for environmental protection and the instruments used to systematically monitor and evaluate the environmental impacts of economic and sectoral policies, programmes and projects. The chapter also reviews the institutional framework for environmental management, the application of mechanisms to improve horizontal and vertical co-ordination, and programmes to ensure compliance with environmental requirements. Progress in promoting environmental democracy, through open access to information and improved public participation in decision making, is also discussed, along with mechanisms facilitating access to courts on environmental matters.

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