OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: South Africa 2013

This report is the first OECD review of South Africa’s environmental performance. It has been carried out as part of the OECD dialogue with South Africa as Key Partner. The report evaluates South Africa's progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on policies that provide incentives to protect South Africa's exceptionally rich biodiversity and promote more effective and efficient environmental management across different levels of public administration.

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Biodiversity and economics of ecosystem services

This chapter reviews current status and trends of South Africa’s biodiversity and natural heritage along with pressures stemming from the legacy of apartheid and more recent economic development. It examines policy initiatives implemented since 1994 to better manage South Africa’s biodiversity. It also presents the strategic and institutional frameworks and the mechanisms in place to manage interactions between different policy instruments and monitor their implementation. The chapter assesses progress in using various instruments, such as biodiversity stewardship programmes and payments for ecosystem services, and analyses the effectiveness of measures that promote sustainable markets in biodiversity and reduce harmful subsidies. This chapter also examines measures to integrate biodiversity conservation into operations of the tourism and financial sectors.

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