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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2011

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2011

This report presents the OECD review of Portugal’s environmental policy performance for 2011. It finds that environmental policies have been consolidated and strengthened since the last review in 2001, but that meeting the post-Kyoto targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions will be challenging. With energy and climate policies being closely related, the report points out that with less than 50% of hydro capacity currently being exploited, there is potential for further development in that area. It also describes the challenges regarding coastal zone and marine management.

Topics covered in the report include greening growth, implementation of environmental policies , international co-operation , climate change, waste management and the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), and nature and biodiversity.

Further information about the Environmental Performance Review programme is available on line via www.oecd.org/env/countryreviews

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International Co-operation

Portugal has been a forerunner of the European maritime policy. It has also influenced EU policy development on water scarcity and drought, climate change and biodiversity, but ensuring compliance with the EU Common Fisheries Policy remains a difficult challenge. Over the last decade, Portugal has ratified important international agreements aimed at preventing marine pollution from ships. Multilateral co-operation has been fruitful in preventing illegal movements of waste and trade in endangered species of wildlife fauna and flora. Joint management of shared river basins is a continuing challenge in Portugal’s co-operation with Spain. Budget constraints bear on Portuguese development assistance, including for the promotion of the environment.

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