OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2011

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2011

This report presents the OECD review of Portugal’s environmental policy performance for 2011. It finds that environmental policies have been consolidated and strengthened since the last review in 2001, but that meeting the post-Kyoto targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions will be challenging. With energy and climate policies being closely related, the report points out that with less than 50% of hydro capacity currently being exploited, there is potential for further development in that area. It also describes the challenges regarding coastal zone and marine management.

Topics covered in the report include greening growth, implementation of environmental policies , international co-operation , climate change, waste management and the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), and nature and biodiversity.

Further information about the Environmental Performance Review programme is available on line via www.oecd.org/env/countryreviews

English Also available in: French

Executive Summary

In the decade since 2000, Portugal’s economy has enjoyed mixed fortunes: overall it has grown at a relatively slow rate, and GDP per capita remains low compared with OECD averages. Structural changes to the economy and increased environmentally related investment have also contributed to reducing environmental pressures. As a result, economic activity has generated relatively less pressure on the environment than in many other OECD countries. Environmental policies and institutions were consolidated and strengthened during the 2000s. The main challenges now are to implement environmental policies cost-effectively, and to promote a more coherent approach to environmental issues across all relevant sectors of public policy.

English Also available in: French

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