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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2011

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2011

This report presents the OECD review of Portugal’s environmental policy performance for 2011. It finds that environmental policies have been consolidated and strengthened since the last review in 2001, but that meeting the post-Kyoto targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions will be challenging. With energy and climate policies being closely related, the report points out that with less than 50% of hydro capacity currently being exploited, there is potential for further development in that area. It also describes the challenges regarding coastal zone and marine management.

Topics covered in the report include greening growth, implementation of environmental policies , international co-operation , climate change, waste management and the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), and nature and biodiversity.

Further information about the Environmental Performance Review programme is available on line via www.oecd.org/env/countryreviews

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Developments since the 2001 Review

This chapter presents key characteristics of the Portuguese economy and society, the evolution in this area since 2001, and its impact on Portugal’s natural entities. Also examined are trends in managing pressures on the environment, including emissions of air and water pollutants, and generation of industrial and municipal waste. There has been notable progress in the state of Portugal’s environment, which includes an improvement in the quality of air in urban areas and Portugal’s contribution to addressing the global climate change challenge, the advancement in the quality of inland and coastal water, as well as changes to natural habitats and biodiversity. This chapter also describes the development of the framework for environmental and sustainable development policies, including the institutional structure and set-up at the national and sub-national levels and a number of policy initiatives launched during the review period.

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