OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Norway 2022

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Norway 2022

Norway has made progress on the path towards green growth over the past decade. The country is a frontrunner in many environmental areas and invests heavily in technological development and innovation to support its green transition. It set many ambitious national environmental targets across all sectors, including for climate mitigation; Norway aims to achieve climate neutrality by 2030. While not a member of the European Union, Norway has aligned its action with many EU regulations and goals, sometimes more stringently than members. Despite progress in many areas, the country still faces multiple challenges, including sustainable consumption patterns and biodiversity protection. The review provides 30 recommendations to help Norway further improve its environmental performance, with a special focus on sustainable land use and biodiversity management.

This is the fourth Environmental Performance Review of Norway. It provides an independent, evidence-based evaluation of the country’s environmental performance over the past decade.

English Also available in: French

Land use and biodiversity management

This chapter discusses the status and trends for land use and biodiversity management in Norway. It assesses related policies and processes and provides recommendations. Norway’s ecosystems are rich and diverse but under threat. The chapter examines how the situation has evolved over the past decade. It points out many worrying trends are likely to continue unless development pressures are addressed and the protected areas network completed. It highlights the need to integrate specific, measurable and time-bound objectives for species, habitat and landscape protection into local planning, including through improved information systems. Finally, the chapter suggests local capacity needs to be strengthened and cross-sector co‑ordination improved to achieve national objectives for conservation and sustainable use of land.



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