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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Mexico 2003

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Mexico 2003

This 2003 edition of OECD's periodic review of Mexico's environmental policies and programmes examines its progress in air, water, waste and biodiversity management; sustainable development; the environmental-economic and environmental-social interfaces; and international commitments. It presents a series of recommendations for dealing with key environmental issues.

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Conclusions and Recommendations

Despite the 1994-95 peso crisis and a sharp economic slowdown in 2001, Mexico’s GDP grew by 41% overall between 1990 and 2001 while its population increased by 22% (the highest rate among OECD countries) to reach over 100 million today. The Mexican economy is the eighth largest in the OECD and the largest in Latin America, though GDP per capita is among the lowest in the OECD area. These national data mask the existence of dual consumption and production patterns and the persistence of regional disparities. Income inequality in Mexico is among the greatest in the OECD area. Poverty remains widespread, affecting 53 million people in urban and rural areas, including in particular the indigenous population. Particularly since 1994 (conclusion of the North American Free Trade Agreement and accession to the OECD), Mexico has pursued a policy aimed at opening up its economy and integrating it with world markets...

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