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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Lithuania 2021

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Lithuania 2021

Lithuania’s rapid economic growth has increased many environmental pressures. The country has declared ambitious medium- and long-term climate change mitigation goals. However, existing policies will not be enough to meet them. Total greenhouse gas emissions have not declined over the last decade, while those from transport have been rising rapidly. Lithuania needs to build on its impressive progress in moving away from landfilling to reduce waste generation and steer towards a circular economy. Water pollution with nutrients from the increased use of fertilisers and insufficiently treated wastewater must also be addressed. These efforts require improved integration of environmental considerations into sectoral policies and a whole-of-government approach to environmental management.

Lithuania is implementing a series of positive changes in environment-related taxation. However, the trend of declining public environmental expenditure should be reversed. One priority area is additional investment in public transport and improvements in cycling and walking conditions that would help steer user behaviour towards sustainable transport modes.

This is the first OECD Environmental Performance Review of Lithuania. It evaluates progress towards green growth and sustainable development, with a special chapter focusing on sustainable mobility.

English Also available in: French

Sustainable mobility

This chapter reviews progress in promoting sustainable mobility in Lithuania. It discusses mobility trends in passenger transport and freight and examines their impact on air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, congestion and traffic safety. The chapter provides an overview of governance arrangements and the country’s various policy visions for mobility. This includes several strategic policy documents, laws and guidelines aimed at reducing the environmental impact from transport. Finally, it assesses the policy instruments to promote sustainable mobility and examines their performance in achieving the country’s objectives. This includes schemes to support biofuels; low-emission zones to reduce air pollution from urban transport; and parking policy.

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