OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Latvia 2019

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Latvia has come a long way in improving its environmental performance and the well-being of the population. Large amounts of investment have helped increase the use of renewables, improve energy efficiency of homes, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and extend access to water and waste services. However, convergence with more advanced OECD economies is far from being accomplished. Forestry and agriculture play a key economic role, but exert increasing pressures on biodiversity. Mainstreaming biodiversity considerations into economic development policies should be a priority. Accelerating the transition towards a low-carbon and circular economy will require major investment in sustainable infrastructure, more waste prevention and recycling and stronger economic instruments.

This is the first Environmental Performance Review of Latvia. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste and circular economy, and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

English Latvian, French


Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments

Latvia’s environmental performance has improved in several areas, such as emissions of greenhouse gases and most air pollutants, residential energy efficiency, wastewater treatment and waste management. However, sustained economic growth is likely to intensify pressures on the environment and biodiversity. This chapter provides an overview of Latvia’s environmental achievements since the mid-2000s, and its remaining challenges. It reviews progress in reducing the energy and carbon intensity of the economy, improving air quality, strengthening waste and water management, and halting biodiversity loss.



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