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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea 2017

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Korea 2017

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies. The most recent reviews include Chile and France (2016).

This report is the third Environmental Performance Review of Korea. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on waste and materials management, and environmental justice.

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Environmental governance and management

Korea has made significant progress in environmental governance over the past decade, including introducing strategic environmental assessment, reforming environmental permitting and strengthening environmental standards. This chapter examines Korea’s environmental governance framework for environmental management, including mechanisms for horizontal and vertical co-ordination. It reviews the regulatory framework for environmental management, including for environmental impact assessment, land use planning and permitting, as well as enforcement and compliance assurance. It also briefly addresses the promotion of environmental democracy through public participation, access to information and environmental education.

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