OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Ireland 2021

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Ireland 2021

Ireland’s progress in delinking the economy from environmental pressures has been uneven in the last decade. Greenhouse gas emissions, waste generation and nutrient pollution rose with strong economic growth between the mid-2010s and the inception of the COVID‑19 pandemic. The country’s dispersed settlement pattern implies that roads are the dominant transport mode. Climate, circular economy and biodiversity policies have gained renewed impetus, with various ambitious policy initiatives and large public investment plans. These need to be swiftly implemented to alleviate the growing pressures from intensification of agricultural practices, demographic development, urban sprawl and road traffic. Encouraging businesses and households to take action is key. This requires providing consistent price signals for the use of energy and natural resources and for better managing travel demand, while taking into account affordability, employment impact and regional disparities.

This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Ireland. It evaluates progress towards green growth and sustainable development, with a special chapter focusing on sustainable mobility and freight.

English Also available in: French

Sustainable mobility and freight

This chapter reviews the progress in promoting sustainable mobility in Ireland. It discusses mobility trends in freight and passenger transport, examining their impact on air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, noise, congestion and traffic safety. It also assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use of both public and private transport. The chapter provides an overview of the country’s various policy visions for sustainable mobility, including their social and environmental impacts, as well as governance arrangements. Finally, it assesses the policy instruments in place to promote sustainable mobility and examines their performance in achieving the country’s objectives.



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