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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Hungary 2018

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Hungary 2018

Hungary has made significant progress in decoupling its output growth from main environmental pressures, largely due to implementing requirements of EU directives. However, greenhouse gas emissions have started to pick up with the recent rebound of economic activity. Local air quality has not improved significantly, and water quality remains at risk. Important institutional challenges impede more effective implementation of environmental laws and policies. Hungary can accelerate the transition towards a low-carbon and greener economy, particularly by investing in residential energy efficiency and sound waste and material management, and better mainstreaming of biodiversity protection into sectoral economic policies.

This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Hungary. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste, material management and circular economy, and biodiversity.

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Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments

This chapter examines the country’s progress in decoupling economic activity from environmental pressures. Drawing on indicators from national and international sources, it reviews progress towards national policy goals, international commitments and targets, focusing on the period since 2000. To the extent possible, it compares the state of the environment and key environmental trends with those of other OECD member countries. The chapter sketches out major policy developments in environmental sectors, including air, climate and water. Progress in the policy areas related to waste management and biodiversity is analysed in the respective thematic chapters of the report.

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