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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Germany 2012

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Germany 2012

This OECD Environmental Performance Review provides an independent assessment of Germany’s progress in achieving domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy relevant recommendations. It has been conducted to promote peer learning, to enhance countries’ accountability to each other and to the public, and to improve governments’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. These Reviews are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries

English German, French

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Towards green growth

Germany has developed a range of environmental policies that support green growth. The use of economic instruments has been extended to improve pricing of environmental externalities and complement traditionally strict environmental regulations. This chapter examines Germany’s use of taxation policy to pursue environmental objectives and progress in removing fiscal incentives that can encourage environmentally harmful activities. Opportunities to further green fiscal policy are also assessed. The chapter also looks at other pricing mechanisms to implement the polluter-pays and user-pays principles and to recover the cost of providing environmental services. This includes a discussion of public and private investment in environment-related infrastructure. The growth of an internationally competitive environmental goods and services sector is examined along with its potential to serve as a source of economic growth and jobs. Finally, the chapter reviews the international dimensions of Germany’s environmental policy, with a focus on mainstreaming the environment in development co-operation programmes.

English German

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