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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Denmark 2019

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Denmark 2019

Denmark's energy and carbon intensities are among the lowest in the OECD area. Green taxation as a share of GDP is the highest in the OECD, and the country is a leader in eco-innovation. Denmark has also achieved impressive results in the material recovery of most waste streams and reached a political agreement to move to a circular economy. It is an international standard setter for chemical risk assessment. However, municipal waste generation remains the highest in the OECD area. Many bodies of water do not reach good ecological status. Levels of exposure to fine particles remain above international standards. Terrestrial biodiversity suffers from the lack of well-connected protected areas. Further steps will need to be taken to achieve the stated goal of a climate neutral economy by 2050.

This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Denmark. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste, materials management and the circular economy and chemicals management.

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Towards green growth

This chapter assesses Denmark’s progress in integrating environmental considerations into economic policy and promoting green growth. It analyses the use of taxation and other pricing instruments to pursue environmental objectives, and advances in eliminating environmentally harmful subsidies. The chapter also examines spending on environmental protection, investment in low-carbon energy and transport infrastructure and services, and promotion of green growth and eco-innovation as sources of growth and employment. The final section analyses inclusion of environmental issues in development co‑operation programmes and export promotion.

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