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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Czech Republic 2018

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Czech Republic 2018

The Czech Republic has made progress in decoupling economic growth from freshwater abstractions, energy consumption, GHG and other air pollutants emissions. However, its strong industrial base and reliance on coal place the country among the most energy- and carbon-intensive in the OECD and air pollution is a serious health concern. Progressing towards sustainable development will require strengthening political commitment to a low-carbon economy and implementing more cost-effective environmental policies.

This is the third Environmental Performance Review of the Czech Republic. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste, materials management and circular economy and sustainable urban development.

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Executive summary

The Czech Republic has a small, very open economy that has grown faster than the OECD average for much of the 2000s. The country has made progress in decoupling environmental pressures from economic activity. The 2017 Czech Republic 2030 strategy defines priorities for implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Relative to the OECD average, the country performs well on Sustainable Development Goals related to poverty, water and biodiversity. However, its economy remains among the most energy- and carbon-intensive in the OECD due to the strong industrial base and reliance on coal. The population is also exposed to high levels of air pollution.

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