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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Czech Republic 2018

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Czech Republic 2018

The Czech Republic has made progress in decoupling economic growth from freshwater abstractions, energy consumption, GHG and other air pollutants emissions. However, its strong industrial base and reliance on coal place the country among the most energy- and carbon-intensive in the OECD and air pollution is a serious health concern. Progressing towards sustainable development will require strengthening political commitment to a low-carbon economy and implementing more cost-effective environmental policies.

This is the third Environmental Performance Review of the Czech Republic. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste, materials management and circular economy and sustainable urban development.

English French, Czech

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Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments

The Czech Republic has made progress in decoupling environmental pressures from economic activity. However, challenges remain on the path towards green growth and sustainable development. This chapter provides a snapshot of key environmental trends in the Czech Republic since 2000. It presents the main economic and social developments, and reviews the country’s progress in reducing the energy and carbon intensity of its economy, in making the transition to a resource-efficient economy and in managing the natural asset base. The chapter also summarises key policy developments in specific areas, including energy, climate change, air, water and biodiversity.

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