OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Czech Republic 2005

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Czech Republic 2005

This book presents the results of a peer review of the Czech Republic's environmental policies and programmes. It systematically covers air, water, and waste management; nature and biodiversity management; the environmental/economic interface; the enviornmental/social interface; and international co-operation. It includes extensive statistical information as well as specific recommendations in each of the topics covered.

English Czech, French


Pollution Management

During the review period, SO2 concentrations in ambient air were significantly reduced. Emissions of SO2 and VOCs decreased by 48% and 16% respectively, dropping below the 2010 ceilings of the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and related European Directives. Monitoring and reporting of air quality has improved, notably for heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants. The Czech Republic is one of the few OECD countries with a national legal basis for combating light pollution. During the review period, the Czech Republic reformed the institutional framework for the energy sector. It enacted two new energy laws, created new institutions, adopted an energy policy with energy efficiency and environmental objectives, and partially opened up energy markets. Energy companies were restructured and partially privatised. Price distortions among different types of energy (including direct subsidies to producers) were generally reduced and prices paid by end-users are now much closer to the cost of supply, while prices paid by industry for electricity and oil remain well below the OECD average.

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