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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

This report is the second Environmental Performance Review of Chile. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on climate change and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

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Preface

Natural resources are a pillar of Chile’s economy. Chile is the world’s largest copper producer, as well as a major exporter of agricultural, forestry and fishery products. It benefitted from the commodity price boom of the 2000s, and economic growth has been sustained for most of the last 15 years. It has greatly improved living standards, and massive investments have led to more people having access to key services such as wastewater treatment and urban public transport. However, strong growth has been accompanied by a stubborn persistence of income inequality and increasing environmental pressures, notably air pollution, water shortage, habitat loss, and soil and water contamination.

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