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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Chile 2016

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews provide independent assessments of countries’ progress towards their environmental policy objectives. Reviews promote peer learning, enhance government accountability, and provide targeted recommendations aimed at improving environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data, and evidence-based analysis. Each cycle of Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD countries and selected partner economies.

This report is the second Environmental Performance Review of Chile. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on climate change and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

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Executive summary

During the last decade, Chile has made remarkable progress in strengthening its environmental institutions and policy framework, as recommended by the 2005 Environmental Performance Review. In 2010, Chile established the Ministry of Environment, the Council of Ministers for Sustainability, an inspectorate and an environmental assessment agency. This has helped raise the profile of environmental policy and clarify environmental management and sustainable development responsibilities within the government. However, the environmental benefits of institutional reforms are lagging behind; rigorous implementation is needed to tackle environmental pressures as Chile’s income level continues to catch up with the OECD average.

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